Having problems with your Ford Festiva ?

I just need to know if I must use a "puller" to get the drum off the back wheels to check the state of the pads. 1993 Ford Festiva. I also put some 13 inch wheels from a Mazda 323 on my car but the shocks on the back just barely touch the tires on the inside. Can the shocks be lifted somehow?

Posted / edited by AnonymousUser on : 25-09-2017

Answers :

No, the brake drum is separate from the axle. You may find that the brake drum is rusted to the axle.

Car up on jack stands, Level surface. Wheel Chocks placed in front of the Front tires. Emergency brake off, and if you have a helper, this is an excellent thing. (Should the car start to move, and possibly fall, the helper can be your best friend! Advise you, and help yank you to safety.
Be SAFE!)

I would advise cleaning the surface, of the front of the brake drum around the lug bolts, with a wire brush. (You may want to don a dust mask for your protection) Also clean around the rounded portion of the axle, that protrudes partially through the brake drum.

Look for rectangular, or round metal thin tabs, around the lug bolts. If there are any present, it will usually just be on two, or three lug bolts. These are locking retainers, and help to keep the drum on.

It is okay to use a small chisel, and carefully chisel through one side of the locking retainer tab. They are very thin metal, and can be cut through easily.
Another method is to bend the edges up with the chisel somewhat, and use a pair of pliers, or vise-grips to twist them off.
These locking retainers will no longer be needed, if present. The wheel, and lug nuts keep it in position.

If no locking retainers are present, or if you have them removed, proceed to removing the drum.
Looking closely you will see the axle rounded protrusion I mentioned above. You will notice that the round hole in the drum fits tightly around this.

I would spray a type of Liquid Wrench, or a similar product, to the rounded area. To the rounded area of the drum surrounding the axle protrusion.
Then I would take a small hammer, and LIGHTLY tap on the center of the axle protrusion. This helps to dislodge rust, and dirt buildup in this area, and helps the 'Liquid Wrench' to penetrate.

While the rust loosener (Liquid Wrench), is working, proceed to the back of the brake drum.

After time, the brake shoes wear a pattern into the brake drum. They wear a groove the size of the brake shoes width. This in turn makes a ridge on the outside edge of the drum. With the brake shoes expanded into their normal position, the drum cannot be removed.
The ridge catches on the inside edge of the brake shoes.

Solution is to retract the brake shoes, so the ridge will clear the brake shoes.

There is a oval rubber plug on the back of the brakes. It is on the Backing Plate. The Backing Plate is the large round metal plate, that bolts to the axle housing.
The rubber plug is called a Adjustment Access Plug.

(In some cases there is no rubber plug present. It is an oval shaped indention made into the Backing Plate. It is cut part way into the plate, and can be removed with a metal punch, and hammer. After you have readjusted the brake shoes back to their specified position, a rubber plug is installed. Your local auto parts store should have these)

Looking through the oval Adjustment Access hole, you will see a Star Wheel. It looks like a gear. The teeth of this 'gear' are turned with a Brake Adjustment Tool. Look sort of like a flat chisel that is slightly bent on both ends.

The tool is inserted into the Brake Adjustment hole, and will rest on the bottom edge of the hole. Then the tip is inserted in-between two teeth, and the back of the tool is moved down, rotating the star wheel. (Works just like a fulcrum and lever)

Which way to turn it, to loosen the brake shoes away from the brake drum?
Changes from vehicle to vehicle. Also depends on which side you're on. The Left side, or the Right side.
Some brake adjusters have Left-handed threads. Some have Right.

Best advice is to try turning the star wheel a few teeth, and see if you can turn the brake drum. If the brake drum stops turning, (You can't turn it anymore), you're going the wrong way with the star wheel.

Once you are going the correct direction, keep turning the star wheel until it becomes tough to turn. This may be as many as 8 turns.

Now come back around to the front of the brake drum, and come around to the side. Take a dead blow hammer, and tap against the BACK edge of the brake drum. Tap towards the outside of the car.
Sometimes it takes a few additional hits going around the outside edge of the drum also, to help loosen it.

STAY AWAY from the middle of the drum! You can warp the brake drum. Tap hard on the outside edge towards the lug bolts.

Now try to wiggle the brake drum towards the outside of the car. See if you can wiggle it off. You may have to loosen the brake adjustment some more, with the star wheel.

Would appreciate hearing how this comes out, and await any additional questions concerning this.
Regards,
joecoolvette
Repair Help & Product Troubleshooting for Ford Festiva

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